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/* cache key: cawiki:resourceloader:filter:minify-js:7:bee287d3e2505ae77= aff47afde079c3b */ }</script> <script>if(window.mw){ mw.loader.load(["mediawiki.page.startup","mediawiki.legacy.wikibits","me= diawiki.legacy.ajax","ext.centralauth.centralautologin","ext.visualEdito= r.viewPageTarget.init","ext.uls.init","ext.uls.interface","ext.centralNo= tice.bannerController","skins.vector.js"]); }</script> <link rel=3D"dns-prefetch" href=3D"//meta.wikimedia.org" /> <!--[if lt IE 7]><style type=3D"text/css">body{behavior:url("/w/static-1= .25wmf5/skins/Vector/csshover.min.htc")}</style><![endif]--> </head> <body class=3D"mediawiki ltr sitedir-ltr ns-0 ns-subject page-Jam=C3=A0n= cia skin-vector action-view vector-animateLayout"> <div id=3D"mw-page-base" class=3D"noprint"></div> <div id=3D"mw-head-base" class=3D"noprint"></div> <div id=3D"content" class=3D"mw-body" role=3D"main"> <a id=3D"top"></a> <div id=3D"siteNotice"><!-- CentralNotice --></div> <h1 id=3D"firstHeading" class=3D"firstHeading" lang=3D"ca"><span d= ir=3D"auto">Jam=C3=A0ncia</span></h1> <div id=3D"bodyContent" class=3D"mw-body-content"> <div id=3D"siteSub">De Viquip=C3=A8dia</div> <div id=3D"contentSub"></div> <div id=3D"jump-to-nav" class=3D"mw-jump"> Dreceres r=C3=A0pides: <a href=3D"#mw-navigation">navegaci=C3=B3= </a>, <a href=3D"#p-search">cerca</a> </div> <div id=3D"mw-content-text" lang=3D"ca" dir=3D"ltr" class=3D"mw-cont= ent-ltr"><p>La <b>Jam=C3=A0ncia</b>, <b>Cam=C3=A0ncia</b> o <b>revolta c= entralista</b> fou una revolta <a href=3D"/wiki/Partit_progressista" tit= le=3D"Partit progressista" class=3D"mw-redirect">progressista</a> que ti= ngu=C3=A9 lloc a <a href=3D"/wiki/Barcelona" title=3D"Barcelona">Barcelo= na</a> entre setembre i el novembre de <a href=3D"/wiki/1843" title=3D"1= 843">1843</a>, contra els govern de <a href=3D"/wiki/Joaqu%C3%ADn_Mar%C3= %ADa_L%C3%B3pez" title=3D"Joaqu=C3=ADn Mar=C3=ADa L=C3=B3pez" class=3D"m= w-redirect">Joaqu=C3=ADn Mar=C3=ADa L=C3=B3pez</a>, que havia incomplert= els acords amb la <b>Junta Central</b> per al derrocament del govern d'= Espartero produ=C3=AFda unes setmanes abans i la violaci=C3=B3 de divers= es disposicions en la <a href=3D"/wiki/Constituci%C3%B3_de_1837" title=3D= "Constituci=C3=B3 de 1837" class=3D"mw-redirect">constituci=C3=B3 de 183= 7</a>. El nom de jam=C3=A0ncia (del <a href=3D"/wiki/Roman%C3%AD_(llengu= a)" title=3D"Roman=C3=AD (llengua)" class=3D"mw-redirect">roman=C3=AD</a= > <i>jamar</i>, menjar) al=C2=B7ludia despectivament als membres dels ba= tallons de voluntaris (batallons de la brusa) que probablement s'hi havi= en apuntat per menjar de franc i cobrar els cinc <a href=3D"/wiki/Ral" t= itle=3D"Ral">rals</a> diaris de paga. Fou la darrera de les <a href=3D"/= wiki/Bullangues" title=3D"Bullangues">bullangues</a> produ=C3=AFdes a <a= href=3D"/wiki/Barcelona" title=3D"Barcelona">Barcelona</a> entre el <a = href=3D"/wiki/1836" title=3D"1836">1836</a> al <a href=3D"/wiki/1843" ti= tle=3D"1843">1843</a>. La Jam=C3=A0ncia represent=C3=A0 el primer aixeca= ment n=C3=ADtidament popular contra l'estat <a href=3D"/wiki/Liberalisme= " title=3D"Liberalisme">liberal</a> a Espanya. La rendici=C3=B3 comport=C3= =A0 la submissi=C3=B3 definitiva de <a href=3D"/wiki/Barcelona" title=3D= "Barcelona">Barcelona</a> al <a href=3D"/wiki/Govern_espanyol" title=3D"= Govern espanyol" class=3D"mw-redirect">govern espanyol</a> i la fi d'una= oposici=C3=B3 organitzada a la centralitzaci=C3=B3 de les decisions pol= =C3=ADtiques endegada pel <a href=3D"/wiki/Partit_Moderat" title=3D"Part= it Moderat">Partit Moderat</a>.</p> <p>La revolta va comen=C3=A7ar el <a href=3D"/wiki/13_d%27agost" title=3D= "13 d'agost">13 d'agost</a> i anava adre=C3=A7ada contra el. Despr=C3=A9= s de la caiguda del govern d'Espartero i la instituci=C3=B3 d'un nou gov= ern encap=C3=A7alat per Joaqu=C3=ADn Mar=C3=ADa L=C3=B3pez, es gir=C3=A0= contra el govern de Madrid, i la Junta Suprema va fer una crida a convo= car Corts constituents. Aix=C3=B2 provocaria la insurrecci=C3=B3 central= ista iniciada formalment l'1 de setembre a Barcelona, replicada en diver= sos llocs de Catalunya i algunes prov=C3=ADncies d'Espanya, que condu=C3= =AD a la intervenci=C3=B3 militar que comport=C3=A0 el bombardeig de la = ciutat especialment des del <a href=3D"/wiki/Castell_de_Montju%C3%AFc" t= itle=3D"Castell de Montju=C3=AFc">castell de Montju=C3=AFc</a> i des de = la <a href=3D"/wiki/Ciutadella_de_Barcelona" title=3D"Ciutadella de Barc= elona" class=3D"mw-redirect">Ciutadella</a>, dirigit pel <a href=3D"/wik= i/Brigadier" title=3D"Brigadier" class=3D"mw-redirect">brigadier</a> <a = href=3D"/wiki/Joan_Prim_i_Prats" title=3D"Joan Prim i Prats">Prim</a> i = centrat contra les <a href=3D"/wiki/Drassanes_de_Barcelona" title=3D"Dra= ssanes de Barcelona" class=3D"mw-redirect">drassanes</a> i les <a href=3D= "/wiki/Muralla_medieval_i_moderna_de_Barcelona" title=3D"Muralla medieva= l i moderna de Barcelona">muralles</a>,<sup id=3D"cite_ref-1" class=3D"r= eference"><a href=3D"#cite_note-1">[1]</a></sup> el qual oblig=C3=A0 la = Junta Suprema a capitular davant el capit=C3=A0 general, <a href=3D"/w/i= ndex.php?title=3DLaureano_Sanz&action=3Dedit&redlink=3D1" class=3D= "new" title=3D"Laureano Sanz (encara no existeix)">Laureano Sanz</a>, el= <a href=3D"/wiki/19_de_novembre" title=3D"19 de novembre">19 de novembr= e</a>.</p> <p></p> <div id=3D"toc" class=3D"toc"> <div id=3D"toctitle"> <h2>Taula de continguts</h2> </div> <ul> <li class=3D"toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a href=3D"#Precedents"><span clas= s=3D"tocnumber">1</span> <span class=3D"toctext">Precedents</span></a></= li> <li class=3D"toclevel-1 tocsection-2"><a href=3D"#Esclat_de_la_viol.C3.A= 8ncia"><span class=3D"tocnumber">2</span> <span class=3D"toctext">Esclat= de la viol=C3=A8ncia</span></a></li> <li class=3D"toclevel-1 tocsection-3"><a href=3D"#Montju.C3.AFc_entra_en= _joc"><span class=3D"tocnumber">3</span> <span class=3D"toctext">Montju=C3= =AFc entra en joc</span></a></li> <li class=3D"toclevel-1 tocsection-4"><a href=3D"#Combat_de_Sant_Andreu"= ><span class=3D"tocnumber">4</span> <span class=3D"toctext">Combat de Sa= nt Andreu</span></a></li> <li class=3D"toclevel-1 tocsection-5"><a href=3D"#Bloqueig_de_Barcelona_= i_repressi.C3.B3_dels_pronunciaments"><span class=3D"tocnumber">5</span>= <span class=3D"toctext">Bloqueig de Barcelona i repressi=C3=B3 dels pro= nunciaments</span></a></li> <li class=3D"toclevel-1 tocsection-6"><a href=3D"#Rendici.C3.B3_de_Barce= lona"><span class=3D"tocnumber">6</span> <span class=3D"toctext">Rendici= =C3=B3 de Barcelona</span></a></li> <li class=3D"toclevel-1 tocsection-7"><a href=3D"#Notes"><span class=3D"= tocnumber">7</span> <span class=3D"toctext">Notes</span></a></li> <li class=3D"toclevel-1 tocsection-8"><a href=3D"#Bibliografia"><span cl= ass=3D"tocnumber">8</span> <span class=3D"toctext">Bibliografia</span></= a></li> </ul> </div> <p></p> <h2><span class=3D"mw-headline" id=3D"Precedents">Precedents</span><span= class=3D"mw-editsection"><span class=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">[</span= ><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&veaction=3Dedit&v= esection=3D1" title=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Precedents" class=3D"mw-= editsection-visualeditor">modifica</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-divi= der"> | </span><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&action=3D= edit&section=3D1" title=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Precedents">modi= fica el codi</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></= h2> <p>Havent encara recent el record del <a href=3D"/wiki/Bombardeig_de_Bar= celona_(1842)" title=3D"Bombardeig de Barcelona (1842)">bombardeig de Ba= rcelona (1842)</a> no es pot entendre la Jam=C3=A0ncia sense tenir en co= mpte les dues revoltes produ=C3=AFdes aquell mateix any. La primera inic= iada al 3 de juny per a promoure l'enderrocament del govern de reg=C3=A8= ncia d'<a href=3D"/wiki/Joaqu%C3%ADn_Baldomero_Fern%C3%A1ndez_%C3%81lvar= ez_Espartero" title=3D"Joaqu=C3=ADn Baldomero Fern=C3=A1ndez =C3=81lvare= z Espartero" class=3D"mw-redirect">Espartero</a> i despr=C3=A9s a mitjan= s d'agost en contra del govern resultant per l'incompliment dels acords = assumits per a secundar l'enderrocament d'Espartero.<sup id=3D"cite_ref-= 2" class=3D"reference"><a href=3D"#cite_note-2">[2]</a></sup> La Junta C= entral constitu=C3=AFda per a atacar el govern d'Espartero, va ser comen= =C3=A7ada a retirar-li poder executiu i legislatiu. El fet de convertir = la Junta Central en un =C3=B2rgan consultiu m=C3=A9s que governatiu enar= d=C3=AD els =C3=A0nims a Catalunya. Tot i la destituci=C3=B3 de <a href=3D= "/wiki/Baldomero_Espartero" title=3D"Baldomero Espartero">Espartero</a>,= la convocat=C3=B2ria d'eleccions a les Corts i la dissoluci=C3=B3 del <= a href=3D"/wiki/Senat_Espanyol" title=3D"Senat Espanyol" class=3D"mw-red= irect">Senat Espanyol</a> (una clara violaci=C3=B3 de la <a href=3D"/wik= i/Constituci%C3%B3_del_1837" title=3D"Constituci=C3=B3 del 1837" class=3D= "mw-redirect">Constituci=C3=B3 del 1837</a> i de fet un =E2=80=9C<a href= =3D"/wiki/Cop_d%27estat" title=3D"Cop d'estat">cop d'estat</a>=E2=80=9D = civil) fou percebuda en l'=C3=A0mbit catal=C3=A0 com una tra=C3=AFci=C3=B3= a la confian=C3=A7a dipositada en el nou <a href=3D"/wiki/Govern_d%27Es= panya" title=3D"Govern d'Espanya">govern d'Espanya</a>, sota els lemes =E2= =80=9C<a href=3D"/wiki/Constituci%C3%B3_de_1837" title=3D"Constituci=C3=B3= de 1837" class=3D"mw-redirect">Constituci=C3=B3 de 1837</a>, Isabel II = i Junta Central=E2=80=9D que pactaren amb <a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3D= Francisco_Serrano&action=3Dedit&redlink=3D1" class=3D"new" title= =3D"Francisco Serrano (encara no existeix)">Francisco Serrano</a> i que = el seu successor <a href=3D"/wiki/Joaqu%C3%ADn_Mar%C3%ADa_L%C3%B3pez_L%C= 3%B3pez" title=3D"Joaqu=C3=ADn Mar=C3=ADa L=C3=B3pez L=C3=B3pez">Joaqu=C3= =ADn Mar=C3=ADa L=C3=B3pez L=C3=B3pez</a> no volgu=C3=A9 respectar.</p> <p>El <a href=3D"/wiki/Capit%C3%A0_General_de_Catalunya" title=3D"Capit=C3= =A0 General de Catalunya" class=3D"mw-redirect">capit=C3=A0 General de C= atalunya</a> inter=C3=AD, <a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJaime_Arbuthno= t&action=3Dedit&redlink=3D1" class=3D"new" title=3D"Jaime Arbuth= not (encara no existeix)">Jaime Arbuthnot</a>, s'havia refugiat a <a hre= f=3D"/wiki/Fortalesa_de_la_Ciutadella" title=3D"Fortalesa de la Ciutadel= la">la Ciutadella</a>, abandonant la ciutat i el fort de <a href=3D"/wik= i/Drassanes" title=3D"Drassanes" class=3D"mw-redirect">Drassanes</a>, pl= e d'armament. La junta popular havia armat el batall=C3=B3 1r de volunta= ris de Barcelona, dit el Batall=C3=B3 de la brusa sota les ordres de Jua= n Castells, vocal de la junta, que ocup=C3=A0 el fort de les Drassanes, = nomenant governador a <i>Francisco Torras y Riera</i>. L'arribada a la c= iutat del governador <a href=3D"/wiki/Joan_Prim" title=3D"Joan Prim" cla= ss=3D"mw-redirect">Joan Prim</a> sembl=C3=A0 que posaria fi a les tensio= ns creixents.</p> <h2><span class=3D"mw-headline" id=3D"Esclat_de_la_viol.C3.A8ncia">Escla= t de la viol=C3=A8ncia</span><span class=3D"mw-editsection"><span class=3D= "mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%= A0ncia&veaction=3Dedit&vesection=3D2" title=3D"Modifica la secci= =C3=B3: Esclat de la viol=C3=A8ncia" class=3D"mw-editsection-visualedito= r">modifica</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-divider"> | </span><a href=3D= "/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&action=3Dedit&section=3D2" t= itle=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Esclat de la viol=C3=A8ncia">modifica e= l codi</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> <p>La nit de l'1 al 2 de setembre entr=C3=A0 per una bretxa de la murall= a a la ciutat el batall=C3=B3 3r de voluntaris de Catalunya, comandada p= er Francisco Riera, declarant-se la rebel=C2=B7li=C3=B3. Atrinxerant-se = durant la nit i la matinada a la <a href=3D"/wiki/Pla%C3%A7a_de_Sant_Jau= me" title=3D"Pla=C3=A7a de Sant Jaume">pla=C3=A7a de Sant Jaume</a>. El = dia 3 Barcelona estava pronunciada, molts disconformes callaven o marxav= en de la ciutat. Els sublevats de la junta seguiren fortificant-se al ce= ntre de la ciutat, armant-se amb artilleria tretes de les Drassanes. La = junta decid=C3=AD que eren el representant popular, constituint-se com l= a <b>Junta Suprema Provisional de la Prov=C3=ADncia de Barcelona</b> aqu= esta la formaven el coronel <a href=3D"/wiki/Antoni_Baiges" title=3D"Ant= oni Baiges">Antoni Baiges</a>, Jos=C3=A9 Maria Bosch, Vicente Soler, Raf= ael Degollada, Jos=C3=A9 Verg=C3=A9s, Jos=C3=A9 Massanet, Juan Castells,= Agust=C3=ADn Reverter i Jos=C3=A9 Maria Monta=C3=B1=C3=A1. Dirigiren un= discurs a la pla=C3=A7a Sant Jaume sol=C2=B7licitant en que deien que a= viat la resta de prov=C3=ADncies d'Espanya els seguirien en la revolta i= que cadascun dels districtes judicials enviessin dos comissionats per a= representar-los a la junta. Les forces leg=C3=ADtimes de la ciutat no f= eren oir la seva veu: El cap superior pol=C3=ADtic Joaqu=C3=ADn Maximili= ano Gibert, es reun=C3=AD amb el capit=C3=A0 general <a href=3D"/w/index= .php?title=3DJaime_Arbuthnot&action=3Dedit&redlink=3D1" class=3D= "new" title=3D"Jaime Arbuthnot (encara no existeix)">Jaime Arbuthnot</a>= . El governador de la Ciutadella Joan Prim s'hi refugi=C3=A0 la mateixa = nit que el batall=C3=B3 de voluntaris entr=C3=A0 a la ciutat. La <a href= =3D"/wiki/Diputaci%C3%B3_de_Barcelona" title=3D"Diputaci=C3=B3 de Barcel= ona">Diputaci=C3=B3 Provincial</a> no donava senyals d'activitat. L'<a h= ref=3D"/wiki/Ajuntament_de_Barcelona" title=3D"Ajuntament de Barcelona">= ajuntament</a> reun=C3=AD molts pocs dels seus individus que manifestare= n mantenir-se neutrals. El capit=C3=A0 general <a href=3D"/w/index.php?t= itle=3DJacobo_Gil_de_Aballe&action=3Dedit&redlink=3D1" class=3D"= new" title=3D"Jacobo Gil de Aballe (encara no existeix)">Jacobo Gil de A= balle</a> restava tancat a la Ciutadella on a penes disposava de tropes = per a la seva defensa.</p> <p>Aquell dia van arribar dos batallons del Regiment de la Constituci=C3= =B3 a la vila de <a href=3D"/wiki/Gr%C3%A0cia" title=3D"Gr=C3=A0cia" cla= ss=3D"mw-redirect">Gr=C3=A0cia</a> i el <a href=3D"/wiki/Vapor" title=3D= "Vapor">vapor</a> <i>el Mallorqu=C3=ADn</i> arribava de Tarragona. L'arr= ibada d'aquest buc al <a href=3D"/wiki/Port_de_Barcelona" title=3D"Port = de Barcelona">Port de Barcelona</a> desencaden=C3=A0 els primers enfront= aments. Els sublevats alertats de la seva arribada es determinaren a imp= edir el desembarcament de les tropes ocupant el <a href=3D"/wiki/Moll_(p= ort)" title=3D"Moll (port)">moll</a>. Les tropes de la Ciutadella feren = una sortida pel fort de San Carlos, que prengueren el fort de la llanter= na. Tanmateix els sublevats protegits pel foc creuat de les Drassanes i = les muralles retingueren el poder del moll i feren retrocedir el desemba= rcament. El vapor sort=C3=AD del port i proced=C3=AD al desembarcament a= les platges de <a href=3D"/wiki/La_Barceloneta" title=3D"La Barceloneta= ">la Barceloneta</a> allunyat del port a recer del fort de San Carlos. L= a metralla de la Ciutadella provoc=C3=A0 una vintena de baixes entre els= sublevats que es refugiaren al <a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DBaluard_= de_Migdia&action=3Dedit&redlink=3D1" class=3D"new" title=3D"Balu= ard de Migdia (encara no existeix)">baluard de Migdia</a>, davant de la = Ciutadella. Aprofitaren l'ocasi=C3=B3 les tropes regulars per a ocupar <= a href=3D"/wiki/La_Barceloneta" title=3D"La Barceloneta">la Barceloneta<= /a> parapetant-s'hi per tal de consolidar el control sobre el port.</p> <p>El 4 de setembre la junta public=C3=A0 un decret per tal de consolida= r la seva autoritat proclamant l'execuci=C3=B3 per tot aquell enxampat i= n fraganti en la comissi=C3=B3 d'un robatori o altres danys a la seguret= at de les persones. El coronel <a href=3D"/wiki/Antoni_Baiges" title=3D"= Antoni Baiges">Antoni Baiges</a>, president de la junta i cap principal = de les forces revoltades =C3=A9s mort d'un tret al pit davant de la mura= lla de Mar. El seu cad=C3=A0ver =C3=A9s exposat al <a href=3D"/wiki/Pala= u_de_la_Generalitat_de_Catalunya" title=3D"Palau de la Generalitat de Ca= talunya">Palau de la Diputaci=C3=B3</a> durant 24 hores. Rafael Degollad= a substitu=C3=AD a Antoni Baiges com a president de la junta. Creient mo= lta gent que Degollada no era a la ciutat, aquest fa un passeig a cavall= per les muralles arengant als membres de la <a href=3D"/wiki/Mil%C3%ADc= ia_Nacional" title=3D"Mil=C3=ADcia Nacional">Mil=C3=ADcia Nacional</a> i= altres combatents. El diari <i><a href=3D"/wiki/El_Imparcial" title=3D"= El Imparcial">El Imparcial</a></i> havia d'editar un pamflet dictat per = Joan Prim, sabent-ho els centralistes els comminaren a no fer-ho, i els = seus propietaris tractaren de traslladar la impremta fora de la ciutat. = Els quatre carros on estaven carregant-les foren enviats a Drassanes i l= es impremtes requisades. El governador Joan Prim i <a href=3D"/wiki/Llor= en%C3%A7_Milans_del_Bosch_i_Mauri" title=3D"Lloren=C3=A7 Milans del Bosc= h i Mauri">Lloren=C3=A7 Milans del Bosch</a> sortiren a la tarda cap a <= a href=3D"/wiki/Gr%C3%A0cia" title=3D"Gr=C3=A0cia" class=3D"mw-redirect"= >Gr=C3=A0cia</a>, instal=C2=B7lant-se amb un batall=C3=B3 de voluntaris = al vapor de Francisco Puigmart=C3=AD, amb una escaramussa amb els revolt= ats. El dia 4 es comptaren tres morts i sis ferits. Els membres de l'Aju= ntament sol=C2=B7liciten al capit=C3=A0 general a la Ciutadella que cess= i els atacs a la ciutat, respon aquest que quan cessi el foc provinent d= e Barcelona far=C3=A0 ell el mateix amb la fortalesa. Per causa dels pro= jectils d'artilleria crema un magatzem de corderia que hi ha fora murall= a entre el <a href=3D"/wiki/Portal_de_Mar" title=3D"Portal de Mar" class= =3D"mw-redirect">Portal de Mar</a> i la Ciutadella.</p> <p>El dia 5 es comptaren dos morts i dotze ferits, deu dels quals foren = condu=C3=AFts a l'<a href=3D"/wiki/Hospital_de_la_Santa_Creu_de_Barcelon= a" title=3D"Hospital de la Santa Creu de Barcelona">Hospital de la Santa= Creu de Barcelona</a>. La nit del dia 5 els sublevats una cinquantena d= 'homes armats fan una sortida fins a <a href=3D"/wiki/Sarri%C3%A0_(Barce= lona)" title=3D"Sarri=C3=A0 (Barcelona)">Sarri=C3=A0</a> per tal de fer = presoners gent contr=C3=A0ria als centralistes, essent rebutjats pels se= us ve=C3=AFns i deixant dues v=C3=ADctimes mortals: Ramon Valejo, teixid= or de vels de Barcelona i Jos=C3=A9 Margenat, farmac=C3=A8utic de Sarri=C3= =A0. El <a href=3D"/wiki/Castell_de_Montju%C3%AFc" title=3D"Castell de M= ontju=C3=AFc">castell de Montju=C3=AFc</a> estava a c=C3=A0rrec del gove= rnador <a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DBernardo_Echalecu&action=3Ded= it&redlink=3D1" class=3D"new" title=3D"Bernardo Echalecu (encara no = existeix)">Bernardo Echalecu</a> que fou rellevat pel coronel del Regime= nt d'Am=C3=A8rica <a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DFernando_Sayas&act= ion=3Dedit&redlink=3D1" class=3D"new" title=3D"Fernando Sayas (encar= a no existeix)">Fernando Sayas</a>.</p> <h2><span class=3D"mw-headline" id=3D"Montju.C3.AFc_entra_en_joc">Montju= =C3=AFc entra en joc</span><span class=3D"mw-editsection"><span class=3D= "mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%= A0ncia&veaction=3Dedit&vesection=3D3" title=3D"Modifica la secci= =C3=B3: Montju=C3=AFc entra en joc" class=3D"mw-editsection-visualeditor= ">modifica</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-divider"> | </span><a href=3D= "/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&action=3Dedit&section=3D3" t= itle=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Montju=C3=AFc entra en joc">modifica el= codi</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> <p>S'havien instal=C2=B7lat bateries a les Drassanes, al punt de la mura= lla de <i>Hostallers</i> (carrer. Tallers), una altra a Canaletes, i una= altra entre Junqueres i la Porta Nova. El dia 7 el <a href=3D"/wiki/Cas= tell_de_Montju%C3%AFc" title=3D"Castell de Montju=C3=AFc">castell de Mon= tju=C3=AFc</a> trenc=C3=A0 el seu silenci, efectuant dos tirs de fogueig= a les vuit del mat=C3=AD, aturant-se tot seguit el bombardeig procedent= de la Ciutadella. De quatre a set de la tarda els canons de <a href=3D"= /wiki/Castell_de_Montju%C3%AFc" title=3D"Castell de Montju=C3=AFc">Montj= u=C3=AFc</a> inici=C3=A0 un intens bombardeig contra les Drassanes. Disp= arant 102 bales, 52 de les quals foren recollides dins del mateix fort. = El capit=C3=A0 general don=C3=A0 l'odre al governador de Montju=C3=AFc q= ue suspengu=C3=A9s el bombardeig. Inicialment, davant d'aquell bombardei= g Francisco Torras y Riera governador de les Drassanes lliga la seva cor= bata negra a la punta d'un drap enarborant aquesta ensenya la resoluci=C3= =B3 de lluitar a mort. Tanmateix poc despr=C3=A9s fug=C3=AD de la ciutat= .</p> <p>El dia 8 un repic de campanes iniciat a les onze del mat=C3=AD anunci= =C3=A0 que <a href=3D"/wiki/Girona" title=3D"Girona">Girona</a> s'hi hav= ia compost una junta de pronunciament composta per <a href=3D"/wiki/Ramo= n_Cabrera" title=3D"Ramon Cabrera" class=3D"mw-redirect">Ramon Cabrera</= a>, Francesc Maranges, Martin Parelols i Lorenzo Autet. Aquesta nomen=C3= =A0 a Francisco Ballera comandant general de la prov=C3=ADncia. <a href=3D= "/wiki/Figueres" title=3D"Figueres">Figueres</a> secund=C3=A0 tamb=C3=A9= el moviment feta pel batall=C3=B3 de <a href=3D"/wiki/Mil%C3%ADcia_Naci= onal" title=3D"Mil=C3=ADcia Nacional">Mil=C3=ADcia Nacional</a> i la com= panyia de <a href=3D"/wiki/Sapador" title=3D"Sapador">sapadors</a>. Teme= nt una incursi=C3=B3 des de la Ciutadella a la ciutat els sublevats ocup= aren el <a href=3D"/wiki/Passeig_de_Sant_Joan" title=3D"Passeig de Sant = Joan">Passeig de Sant Joan</a> (espai que separava les cases de la Ciuta= della), que despr=C3=A9s de la fustigaci=C3=B3 de fuselleria efectuades = des de la Ciutadella, hagueren d'abandonar despr=C3=A9s de la mort d'un = <a href=3D"/wiki/Sergent" title=3D"Sergent">sergent</a> i alguns ferits = (quatre entraren a l'hospital, havent-ne mort un). Aquella nit els pronu= nciats feren una sortida per la Porta de Sant Antoni una sortida intenta= nt de nou un cop de m=C3=A0 sobre Sarri=C3=A0 o Gr=C3=A0cia, per=C3=B2 b= atuts per les granades llan=C3=A7ades des de Montju=C3=AFc i el tiroteig= de les avan=C3=A7ades lleials al govern junt amb un x=C3=A0fec intens, = entraren de nou a la ciutat.</p> <p>A la una de la tarda del dia 9 el coronel <a href=3D"/wiki/Joan_Marte= ll" title=3D"Joan Martell" class=3D"mw-redirect">Joan Martell</a> entr=C3= =A0 a la ciutat acompanyat dels seus "edecanes" i cavalleria, entrant a = galop cap a la pla=C3=A7a de Sant Jaume (o de la Constituci=C3=B3), amb = el sabre a la m=C3=A0 i cridant "<i>Viva la uni=C3=B3n y la libertad</i>= ". Despr=C3=A9s de reunir-se amb la junta an=C3=A0 a la fonda de les Qua= tre Nacions de la Rambla on hi hagu=C3=A9 un banquet amb brindis i sorti= nt tot seguit al balc=C3=B3 per a pronunciar un discurs a la concurr=C3=A8= ncia donant visques a la junta central, a la independ=C3=A8ncia nacional= , a la reina i al poble sobir=C3=A0, davant d'una multitud. Despr=C3=A9s= del dinar Martell acompanyat d'alguns membres de la junta i una vintena= d'homes de l'esquadr=C3=B3 de Mil=C3=ADcia Nacional fins al poble de <a= href=3D"/wiki/Sants" title=3D"Sants">Sants</a> on reun=C3=AD una vuitan= tena d'homes que l'acompanyaren de nou dins de la ciutat.</p> <p>El dia 10 Ametller arrib=C3=A0 a Sants comandant una <a href=3D"/wiki= /Divisi%C3%B3" title=3D"Divisi=C3=B3">divisi=C3=B3</a>. En aquell moment= revel=C3=A0 als seus comandants la intenci=C3=B3 de posar-se del costat= dels sublevats i aquests no hi estigueren d'acord, abandonant-lo i endu= ent-se els respectius batallons. Aix=C3=AD doncs, <a href=3D"/wiki/Narc%= C3%ADs_d%27Ametller_i_Cabrera" title=3D"Narc=C3=ADs d'Ametller i Cabrera= ">Ametller</a>, nom=C3=A9s l'acompanyaren dos batallons de Francs, i uns= dos-cents homes de l'ex=C3=A8rcit (entre 1.000 i 1.500 homes) a l'inter= ior de Barcelona. Ametller an=C3=A0 a la pla=C3=A7a de la Constituci=C3=B3= on junta al palau de la diputaci=C3=B3, seu de la junta central, sort=C3= =AD al balc=C3=B3 acompanyat de Martell i altres capitostos revolucionar= is, Rafael Degollada feu un discurs justificatiu de l'al=C3=A7ament cont= ra el centralisme, que <a href=3D"/wiki/Hostalric" title=3D"Hostalric">H= ostalric</a> s'havia pronunciat, en el seu nom el coronel Juan Pablo Par= . Ametller afirm=C3=A0 que "no hi havia m=C3=A9s que dos partits els lib= eral i els servil" que els centralistes pertanyien al primer i que abans= de consentir el triomf dels servils preferia sepultar-se amb els seus c= amarades entre les enderrocs de la ciutat, concloent amb els crits de =E2= =80=9Cmori Cristina, morin els <a href=3D"/wiki/Ram%C3%B3n_Mar%C3%ADa_Na= rv%C3%A1ez" title=3D"Ram=C3=B3n Mar=C3=ADa Narv=C3=A1ez" class=3D"mw-red= irect">Narv=C3=A1ez</a>, morin els Conchas, morin els tirans=E2=80=9D. L= a Junta Central decret=C3=A0 aquell mateix dia que Joan Prim era tra=C3=AF= dor i nomen=C3=A0 a Ametller mariscal de camp i capit=C3=A0 general de C= atalunya.</p> <p>Durant aquells dies es seguia publicant a Barcelona <i>El Constitucio= nal</i> (diari prorevoltats que a voltes exagerava les possibilitats de = la revolta), tamb=C3=A9 hi havia actiu el <i>diario de avisos</i>. La tr= opa que s'havia separat d'Ametller, el primer batall=C3=B3 de Zamora, es= va dirigir al Castell de Montju=C3=AFc. El governador del castell no pe= rmet=C3=A9 que aquests entressin al castell i en fer-se de nit es dirig=C3= =AD a Gr=C3=A0cia passant despr=C3=A9s a la Ciutadella.<sup id=3D"cite_r= ef-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184321_3-0" class=3D"reference"><a href=3D= "#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184321-3">[3]</a></sup> Aquell = dia s'embarcaren molt s=C3=BAbdits francesos per intercessi=C3=B3 del c=C3= =B2nsol franc=C3=A8s que els hi proporcion=C3=A0 els bucs. Per ordres de= la junta s'obr=C3=AD la taula de comuns dip=C3=B2sits extraient-se'n 26= .819 <a href=3D"/wiki/Ral" title=3D"Ral">rals</a> de <a href=3D"/wiki/Bi= ll%C3%B3" title=3D"Bill=C3=B3">bill=C3=B3</a>.</p> <h2><span class=3D"mw-headline" id=3D"Combat_de_Sant_Andreu">Combat de S= ant Andreu</span><span class=3D"mw-editsection"><span class=3D"mw-editse= ction-bracket">[</span><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&= ;veaction=3Dedit&vesection=3D4" title=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Co= mbat de Sant Andreu" class=3D"mw-editsection-visualeditor">modifica</a><= span class=3D"mw-editsection-divider"> | </span><a href=3D"/w/index.php?= title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&action=3Dedit&section=3D4" title=3D"Modifi= ca la secci=C3=B3: Combat de Sant Andreu">modifica el codi</a><span clas= s=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> <p>La nit de l'11 al 12 de setembre enmig d'una forta tempesta sort=C3=AD= de Barcelona una columna de m=C3=A9s de 2.500<sup id=3D"cite_ref-FOOTNO= TECuadro_historico1843_4-0" class=3D"reference"><a href=3D"#cite_note-FO= OTNOTECuadro_historico1843-4">[4]</a></sup> o 2.000 homes <sup id=3D"cit= e_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184325_5-0" class=3D"reference"><a hr= ef=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184325-5">[5]</a></sup>seg= ons les fonts, entre francs, mil=C3=ADcia i uns 200 de tropa, amb Ametll= er al seu front, travessant entre Gr=C3=A0cia i <a href=3D"/wiki/El_Clot= " title=3D"El Clot">el Clot</a> on la tropa es replegava de nit passaren= inadvertits rodejant <a href=3D"/wiki/Sant_Andreu_del_Palomar" title=3D= "Sant Andreu del Palomar" class=3D"mw-redirect">Sant Andreu del Palomar<= /a> poble a una hora de Barcelona. All=C3=AD hi havia restes d'oficials = i soldadesca sobrers de la Ciutadella que traslladats all=C3=A0 no hi ha= vien establert gu=C3=A0rdies. Sorpresos molts foren capturats una vuitan= tena d'oficials i un altre tant de soldats, que foren desarmats. Obligat= s els primers per la seva paraula d'honor, foren comminats a anar fins a= <a href=3D"/wiki/Matar%C3%B3" title=3D"Matar=C3=B3">Matar=C3=B3</a>, ci= utat que s'havia al=C3=A7at del costat de Barcelona. En aquesta maniobra= fou afusellat el capit=C3=A0 Juan Cadena, per tenir comissi=C3=B3 contr= aria al pronunciament, i un altre fou mort per voler robar alguns cabals= quan les tropes d'Ametller les carregaven per a dur-los a Matar=C3=B3. = Despr=C3=A9s de tres dies a Sant Andreu Ametller part=C3=AD capa a Matar= =C3=B3, deixant a Martell amb un destacament d'uns mil homes a Sant Andr= eu. Al pas de Ametller anava pronunciant els pobles per on passava. Entr= e l'11 i el 23 nom=C3=A9s hi hagu=C3=A9 5 baixes entre morts i ferits a = Barcelona.</p> <p>El capit=C3=A0 general <a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DMiguel_de_Arao= z&action=3Dedit&redlink=3D1" class=3D"new" title=3D"Miguel de Ar= aoz (encara no existeix)">Miguel de Araoz</a> relleva al capit=C3=A0 gen= eral el <a href=3D"/wiki/16_de_setembre" title=3D"16 de setembre">16 de = setembre</a>, i afirma que disposava de forces suficients per a escanyar= la rebel=C2=B7li=C3=B3. El dia 18 es decid=C3=AD a prendre l'ofensiva. = L'endem=C3=A0 una columna de 3.000 homes dirigida per Joan Prim es dirig= =C3=AD a atacar les forces de Sant Andreu. Aquell dia la pluja havia par= at, tot i aix=C3=AD Ametller tan bon punt conegu=C3=A9 els moviments de = Prim creu=C3=A0 el <a href=3D"/wiki/Bes%C3%B2s" title=3D"Bes=C3=B2s">Bes= =C3=B2s</a> improvisant un pont amb carros. A les forces d'Ametller que = havia arribat a Matar=C3=B3 se li havien unit 800 homes comandats per Fr= ancisco Ballera procedents de la prov=C3=ADncia de Girona. Del costat su= d del Bes=C3=B3s s'establ=C3=AD un combat entre les tropes d'Ametller i = Prim, per=C3=B2 mancat de <a href=3D"/wiki/Cavalleria" title=3D"Cavaller= ia">cavalleria</a> i <a href=3D"/wiki/Artilleria" title=3D"Artilleria">a= rtilleria</a> el primer i impedit per un terreny enfangat i l'atac d'art= illeria de Prim hagu=C3=A9 de tornar a creuar el Bes=C3=B3s. Les forces = de Prim tamb=C3=A9 tractaren d'atacar Sant Andreu essent rebutjades, res= ultant en vuitanta baixes entre morts i ferits i 21 presoners entre les = tropes del govern de Madrid i 20 baixes entre les files dels pronunciats= .</p> <p>El brigadier Joan Prim torn=C3=A0 a atacar Sant Andreu el dia 22 que = pres a l'assalt en un combat de tres hores deix=C3=A0 un balan=C3=A7 de = posar en fuita els 1.500 homes manats per Martell, 200 presoners, havent= tingut la p=C3=A8rdua de sis morts (entre ells el comandant de <i>Guias= </i> Juan Siscle), 39 ferits (entre ells <a href=3D"/wiki/Lloren%C3%A7_M= ilans_del_Bosch_i_Mauri" title=3D"Lloren=C3=A7 Milans del Bosch i Mauri"= >Lloren=C3=A7 Milans del Bosch</a>) i 22 contusionats. En aquesta acci=C3= =B3 Ametller no intervengu=C3=A9 directament sin=C3=B3 que auxili=C3=A0 = la fugida de les tropes sublevades de Sant Andreu. Aix=C3=AD mateix des = de Barcelona una sortida de 400 homes propicia una maniobra de distracci= =C3=B3 per tal d'auxiliar els combats de Sant Andreu. No obstant, foren = contrarestat pel bombardeig i tiroteig des de la Ciutadella i per un bat= all=C3=B3 de la Constituci=C3=B3 que sort=C3=AD d'aquesta.</p> <p>Despr=C3=A9s d'aquesta acci=C3=B3 es dirigiren tres columnes una cap = a Girona al c=C3=A0rrec d'Ametller amb mil homes, una altra de 700 homes= comandada per Martell dirigida cap al Camp de Tarragona i una altra al = c=C3=A0rrec de Riera que intent=C3=A0 progressar cap a Barcelona per <a = href=3D"/wiki/Sant_Cugat_del_Vall%C3%A8s" title=3D"Sant Cugat del Vall=C3= =A8s">Sant Cugat del Vall=C3=A8s</a>. Aquesta columna fou rebutjada per = un destacament avan=C3=A7at de les tropes fidels estacades a Gr=C3=A0cia= . Al c=C3=A0rrec de Jos=C3=A9 Maria Monta=C3=B1=C3=A1 y Rom=C3=A1, secre= tari de la Junta havia sortit una columna d'un 150 homes que es dirigire= n a Martorell a propagar el moviment, entrant-hi el dia 18. El dia 21 ha= vent-se organitzat el sometent amb ve=C3=AFns de <a href=3D"/wiki/Martor= ell" title=3D"Martorell">Martorell</a> i dels pobles del voltant. Aquest= dirigit per Antonio Baixeras que comandava una seixantena d'homes els o= blig=C3=A0 a fugir, capturant el mateix Monta=C3=B1=C3=A1 i una cinquant= ena d'homes. Respecte a la columna de Martell qued=C3=A0 desemparada de = l'ajut de la ciutat de Reus que estant en poder dels pronunciats havia c= aigut en un cop de m=C3=A0 dut a terme pel comandant general de la prov=C3= =ADncia de Tarragona Crist=C3=B3bal Linares amb dos batallons i sis pece= s d'artilleria. Martell mancat de forces de suport la seva columna sofr=C3= =AD la deserci=C3=B3 de cinquanta homes que fugiren a Tarragona i en dar= rer terme s'entreg=C3=A0 tota la columna fugint Martell amb vuit dels ca= pitostos.</p> <p>El 24 de setembre arrib=C3=A0 a m=C3=A9s del pronunciament de Saragos= sa, les de les d'Osca, Barbastre, tres prov=C3=ADncies de Gal=C3=ADcia, = i Cadis i Granada. Aquell dia tamb=C3=A9 es f=C3=A9u p=C3=BAblic que Ame= tller es dirigia des de la prov=C3=ADncia de Girona amb forces de l'Empo= rd=C3=A0 amb artilleria i dues columnes una dirigida per Francisco Fort = i l'altra per Martell. Tamb=C3=A9 es produeix el desallotjament de <a hr= ef=3D"/wiki/Sabadell" title=3D"Sabadell">Sabadell</a> dels centralistes = per part de les tropes encap=C3=A7alades per Prim essent capturat Franci= sco Riera que havia entrat a Barcelona el primer de setembre.<sup id=3D"= cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184339_6-0" class=3D"reference"><a= href=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184339-6">[6]</a></sup>= . Els centralistes tamb=C3=A9 s=C3=B3n desallotjats de <a href=3D"/wiki/= Sant_Boi_de_Llobregat" title=3D"Sant Boi de Llobregat">Sant Boi de Llobr= egat</a>. Per ordre del govern fou rellevat Araoz i substitu=C3=AFt pel = tinent general <a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DLaureano_Sanz&action=3D= edit&redlink=3D1" class=3D"new" title=3D"Laureano Sanz (encara no ex= isteix)">Laureano Sanz</a>, qui reb=C3=A9 el comandament el dia 25 dirig= int un discurs als catalans manifestant els seus desitjos de pau i recon= ciliaci=C3=B3 que la <a href=3D"/wiki/Constituci%C3%B3_de_1837" title=3D= "Constituci=C3=B3 de 1837" class=3D"mw-redirect">constituci=C3=B3 de 183= 7</a> seria observada amb tota exactitud.</p> <p>El 26 de setembre les forces de Prim prengueren <a href=3D"/wiki/Mata= r%C3%B3" title=3D"Matar=C3=B3">Matar=C3=B3</a>, on Ametller en la seva f= ugida cap a Girona havia deixat un destacament d'un batall=C3=B3 de la m= il=C3=ADcia de Barcelona. El tiroteig es perllong=C3=A0 des de la matina= da fins a les 6 de la tarda quan es rend=C3=AD el darrer reducte atrinxe= rat en un convent de monges, on hi havia el governador Ramon Herbella am= b m=C3=A9s de dos-cents homes, En total es feren uns 500 presoners i m=C3= =A9s de 150 morts. Per aquesta acci=C3=B3 Prim =C3=A9s guardonat amb la = Gran <a href=3D"/wiki/Creu_de_Sant_Ferran" title=3D"Creu de Sant Ferran"= class=3D"mw-redirect">Creu de Sant Ferran</a>.</p> <p>El dia 26 la junta excarcer=C3=A0 els presidiaris amb delictes de por= t d'armes il=C2=B7legals i <a href=3D"/wiki/Deserci%C3%B3" title=3D"Dese= rci=C3=B3">deserci=C3=B3</a> amb la promesa de redimir-ne les penes si s= 'inclo=C3=AFen en la Companyia de <i>Salvaguardias de la libertad</i> a = c=C3=A0rrec del capit=C3=A0 Ildefonso Vargas, que arrib=C3=A0 als 150 ho= mes armats i uniformats perfectament i aquarterats a la <a href=3D"/wiki= /Llotja_de_Mar" title=3D"Llotja de Mar">Llotja de Barcelona</a>. En aque= sta data la Junta comen=C3=A7a a repartir sopa i pa als pobres.</p> <p>La nit del 27 al 28 fugiren de la ciutat Francisco Torres y Riera gov= ernador de les Drassanes, el seu germ=C3=A0 Jos=C3=A9, president de la j= unta d'armament i defensa i comandant del 7=C3=A9 batall=C3=B3 de Mil=C3= =ADcia Nacional i Juan Nogu=C3=A9s, secretari privat de la Junta Suprema= .<sup id=3D"cite_ref-FOOTNOTECuadro_historico1843_4-1" class=3D"referenc= e"><a href=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTECuadro_historico1843-4">[4]</a></sup> E= l dia 29 la Junta Suprema ordena l'adscripci=C3=B3 a la Mil=C3=ADcia Nac= ional a tots els solters i vidus sense fills entre 17 i 40 anys.<sup id=3D= "cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184344_7-0" class=3D"reference"><= a href=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184344-7">[7]</a></sup= ></p> <p>Del 23 al 30 de setembre es produ=C3=AFren 4 morts i sis ferits i el = tiroteig havia prosseguit.<sup id=3D"cite_ref-FOOTNOTECuadro_historico18= 43_4-2" class=3D"reference"><a href=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTECuadro_histori= co1843-4">[4]</a></sup></p> <h2><span class=3D"mw-headline" id=3D"Bloqueig_de_Barcelona_i_repressi.C= 3.B3_dels_pronunciaments">Bloqueig de Barcelona i repressi=C3=B3 dels pr= onunciaments</span><span class=3D"mw-editsection"><span class=3D"mw-edit= section-bracket">[</span><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&a= mp;veaction=3Dedit&vesection=3D5" title=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: = Bloqueig de Barcelona i repressi=C3=B3 dels pronunciaments" class=3D"mw-= editsection-visualeditor">modifica</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-divi= der"> | </span><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&action=3D= edit&section=3D5" title=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Bloqueig de Barc= elona i repressi=C3=B3 dels pronunciaments">modifica el codi</a><span cl= ass=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> <p>L'1 d'octubre el General Sanz public=C3=A0 un <a href=3D"/wiki/Ban_(d= ret)" title=3D"Ban (dret)">ban</a> prohibint l'entrada de persones a l'i= nterior de la ciutat, sota pena de mort a aquell que es trob=C3=A9s a la= l=C3=ADnia intentant entrar-hi queviures. Aix=C3=B2 provoc=C3=A0 un enc= ariment dels aliments peribles. L'alba del dia 4 entra el sometent a Olo= t desallotjant els centralistes que s'havien pronunciat en aquesta ciuta= t el 9 de setembre anterior sotmetent-se al govern provisional de Madrid= .<sup id=3D"cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184354_8-0" class=3D"r= eference"><a href=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184354-8">[= 8]</a></sup> Penetren les tropes a <a href=3D"/wiki/Almeria" title=3D"Al= meria">Almeria</a> que s'havia adherit al pronunciament l'anterior 29 de= setembre. A <a href=3D"/wiki/Granada_(Andalusia)" title=3D"Granada (And= alusia)" class=3D"mw-redirect">Granada</a> fracassa tamb=C3=A9 aquell di= a l'intent de pronunciament que es sufocat per les tropes del Govern. Gi= rona comen=C3=A7a a ser atacada per la columna de Prim. Comen=C3=A7aren = a escassejar a Barcelona la majoria de productes de consum: carn, l'arr=C3= =B2s, la llenya, llegums, sal...</p> <p>El dia 6 d'octubre els pronunciats projectaren assaltar la Ciutadella= . El pla involucrava una for=C3=A7a d'assalt formada per uns 400 homes d= e la companyia de presidiaris, la companyia de Mil=C3=ADcia Nacional vol= unt=C3=A0ria i l'altra del poble de <a href=3D"/wiki/Sant_Mart%C3%AD_de_= Proven%C3%A7als" title=3D"Sant Mart=C3=AD de Proven=C3=A7als">Sant Mart=C3= =AD de Proven=C3=A7als</a>, deixant-se una for=C3=A7a de mil homes en re= serva al pla de Palau per donar suport a l'atac. Previnguda la tropa dur= ant tota la nit aquest assalt s'intent=C3=A0 a les quatre de la matinada= del dia 7 avan=C3=A7ant sense cap problema fins als fossats col=C2=B7lo= cant escales assaltant un dels seu baluard. En arribar a dalt el primer = home comen=C3=A7aren a disparar des de les troneres de la Ciutadella. El= batall=C3=B3 d'Am=C3=A8rica i les bateries del Pr=C3=ADncep i de Don Fe= rnando causaren la desbandada de l'intent d'assalt deixant m=C3=A9s d'un= centenar de morts en els assaltant entre aquests el vicepresident de la= junta Jos=C3=A9 Maria Bosch, i a penes dos soldats i un oficial ferits = en la guarnici=C3=B3 del fort. El mateix dia 7 tamb=C3=A9 result=C3=A0 f= erit mortalment Jos=C3=A9 Lugar, governador del baluard de Migdia, contr= a el que havia disparat fortament la Ciutadella. El baluard de Migdia va= quedar derru=C3=AFt i les bales disparades des de la Ciutadella impacta= ven contra els edificis de primera l=C3=ADnia, entre ells l'edifici de l= a Llotja.</p> <p>El dia 8 a cap a les nou de la nit, despr=C3=A9s d'un dia sense trets= artilleria, la Ciutadella comen=C3=A7=C3=A0 a disparar bales rases i gr= anades contra les barricades al seu davant, i la pla=C3=A7a de Sant Jaum= e; per la seva part des del Castell de Montju=C3=AFc es dispararen dues = granades a la pla=C3=A7a de Sant Jaume amb una separaci=C3=B3 d'un quart= d'hora entre elles. De 11 a 12 cess=C3=A0 el foc d'artilleria de la Ciu= tadella i d'aquesta hora fins a l'alba dispar=C3=A0 alguns tirs espor=C3= =A0dics. El coronel Francisco Palm=C3=A9s de les <a href=3D"/w/index.php= ?title=3DEsquadres_de_Catalunya&action=3Dedit&redlink=3D1" class= =3D"new" title=3D"Esquadres de Catalunya (encara no existeix)">Esquadres= de Catalunya</a> desarma la Mil=C3=ADcia Nacional de <a href=3D"/wiki/L= %27Hospitalet_de_Llobregat" title=3D"L'Hospitalet de Llobregat">l'Hospit= alet de Llobregat</a>, conduint les armes a la Ciutadella.</p> <p>El dia 9 es reb=C3=A9 la not=C3=ADcies d'Ametller i Bellera, dient qu= e Prim havia intentat prendre el <a href=3D"/wiki/Castell_de_Sant_Ferran= " title=3D"Castell de Sant Ferran">Castell de Sant Ferran</a> amb dos ba= tallons, una bateria de muntanya i seixanta cavalls, per=C3=B2 que la gu= arnici=C3=B3 formada per 800 nacionals (paisans) no havia volgut rendir-= se. Prim es retir=C3=A0 cap a Girona, que gaudia d'una guarnici=C3=B3 de= 2.800-2.500 homes i havia de ser protegida per columnes estacionades pr= op de Torroella (1.400 homes) i altres punts (200 homes). A la tarda Mon= tju=C3=AFc feu alguns trets i a les deu de la nit la Ciutadella torn=C3=A0= a disparar bales i granades.</p> <p>El dia 10, aniversari de la reina <a href=3D"/wiki/Isabel_II_d%27Espa= nya" title=3D"Isabel II d'Espanya">Isabel II d'Espanya</a> feren els for= ts les salves d'honor, aprofitant-les nogensmenys per a fer-ho la majori= a amb bales. En resposta a aix=C3=B2 la junta tamb=C3=A9 una salva d'hon= or des de les bateries de la ciutat tamb=C3=A9 carregades. Aquell dia ar= rib=C3=A0 la not=C3=ADcia del pronunciament d'Almeria, cosa que fou cele= brada amb repics de campanes. Tanmateix ja feia cinc dies que aquella re= volta havia estat sufocada.</p> <p>El dia 11 els Salvaguardia amb alguns nacionals feren una sortida seg= uida d'una escaramussa prop de la <a href=3D"/wiki/Creu_Coberta_(Barcelo= na)" title=3D"Creu Coberta (Barcelona)">Creu Coberta</a>, amb dues baixe= s i diverses desercions entre els centralistes. La Ciutadella i Montju=C3= =AFc a penes disparen dotze o quinze trets en aquest dia.<sup id=3D"cite= _ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184364_9-0" class=3D"reference"><a hre= f=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184364-9">[9]</a></sup></p>= <p>El dia 12 es produ=C3=AD un intercanvi de trets entre la guarnici=C3=B3= de la muralla contra una partida de francs que defenien el bloqueig a l= a falda de Montju=C3=AFc. Per tal de donar-los suport feu foc amb dos o = tres trets la bateria instal=C2=B7lada al portal de Sant Antoni, cosa a = la que respongu=C3=A9 Montju=C3=AFc contra la bateria que es generalitz=C3= =A0 a la resta de la ciutat. Cauen uns 400 projectils sobre la ciutat en= tre ells una <a href=3D"/wiki/Granada_de_m%C3%A0" title=3D"Granada de m=C3= =A0">granada</a> cau i explota a l'hospital militar de Junqueres.<sup id= =3D"cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184365_10-0" class=3D"referenc= e"><a href=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184365-10">[10]</a= ></sup></p> <p>S'ocupen i expropien per part de la Junta Suprema un magatzem propiet= at de Jos=C3=A9 Lines, amb diversos <a href=3D"/wiki/Quintar" title=3D"Q= uintar">quintars</a> de lingots de <a href=3D"/wiki/Coure" title=3D"Cour= e">coure</a> que s=C3=B3n usats per a <a href=3D"/wiki/Encunyaci%C3%B3" = title=3D"Encunyaci=C3=B3">batre moneda</a> menuda que di=C3=A0riament as= cendeixen a un valor 20.000 rals en peces de tres i sis <a href=3D"/wiki= /Quarto_(moneda)" title=3D"Quarto (moneda)">quartos</a>.</p> <p>El dia 13 =C3=A9s deposada i desarmada la Mil=C3=ADcia Nacional de Sa= nt Andreu. La nit d'aquell dia hi ha una escaramussa iniciada per una so= rtida de centralistes davant de la Ciutadella en els jardins de l'Espala= nada. En resposta a aquest apropament hi ha una sortida de soldats de la= Ciutadella per a repel=C2=B7lir aquesta avan=C3=A7ada. Tots dos b=C3=A0= ndols reben el suport d'alguns trets de les seves bateries d'artilleria.= Tot plegat es contagia arreu especialment als sectors de la Porta de Sa= nt Antoni i la Ciutadella, acabant el rebombori a les vuit del mat=C3=AD= de l'endem=C3=A0.<sup id=3D"cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos18436= 7_11-0" class=3D"reference"><a href=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_= Sucesos184367-11">[11]</a></sup> El dia 14, degut a l'escassetat de <a h= ref=3D"/wiki/P%C3%B3lvora" title=3D"P=C3=B3lvora">p=C3=B3lvora</a>, la j= unta orden=C3=A0 que no s'efectuessin trets excepte en cas d'atac. La Ju= nta Suprema <a href=3D"/wiki/Expropiaci%C3%B3" title=3D"Expropiaci=C3=B3= ">expropia</a> all=C3=B2 que li conv=C3=A9: cansalada, teles... aportant= als propietaris un document justificatiu de l'acte.<sup id=3D"cite_ref-= FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184368_12-0" class=3D"reference"><a href=3D= "#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184368-12">[12]</a></sup></p> <p>La matinada del dia 15 (diumenge) Jos=C3=A9 Bux=C3=B3 capit=C3=A0 del= s nacionals fa una sortida cap a una avan=C3=A7ada de la l=C3=ADnia de b= loqueig amb una trentena d'homes i capturen algunes motxilles i =C3=BAti= ls militars prop del pont dit de les Bigues. A dos quarts de tres el <a = href=3D"/wiki/Fort_Pius" title=3D"Fort Pius">Fort Pius</a> dispara tres = bales contra el baluard de Sant Pere, a les tres la Ciutadella dispar=C3= =A0 un tret de bala i cap a les set una vintena de canonades contra el b= aluard de Migdia i la bateria de Sant Sebasti=C3=A0.</p> <p>El 18 d'octubre es disparen 91 bales i 43 granades des de Montju=C3=AF= c, 4 granades i 5 bales des de la Ciutadella, una granada des del Fort P= ius, fets que es perllonguen entre dos quarts de deu del mat=C3=AD al ll= arg de tot el dia. La Junta Suprema s'apropia de la caixa del Col=C2=B7l= egi de Medicina i Cirurgia amb un contingut de 250.000 rals de bill=C3=B3= (rs. vn.), al dia seg=C3=BCent fa el mateix amb la del Col=C2=B7legi de= Farmac=C3=A8utics apoderant-se d'uns 130.000 rs. vn.<sup id=3D"cite_ref= -FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184374_13-0" class=3D"reference"><a href=3D= "#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184374-13">[13]</a></sup></p> <p>El dia 20 plou i fa fred, la Ciutadella envia 372 bales i 14 granades= contra Barcelona, Montju=C3=AFc "nom=C3=A9s" en dispara 4 bales i 3 gra= nades i el Fort Pius tres bales i dues granades.</p> <p>La matinada del 22 hi ha una sortida de Barcelona per fustigar els so= metents de <a href=3D"/wiki/Berga" title=3D"Berga">Berga</a> i Sarri=C3=A0= instal=C2=B7lats al peu de Montju=C3=AFc. Hi intervingueren les Salvagu= ardies i una nova companyia dita dels "Vigilantes del Llano" formada de = nou sota comandament de Gregorio de Alba. La sortida no =C3=A9s gaire fr= uct=C3=ADfera, ja que la p=C3=B3lvora fabricada a Barcelona =C3=A9s de m= ala qualitat. S=C3=B3n morts 3 salvaguardies i cinc deserten al b=C3=A0n= dol governamental.</p> <p>Entre els dies 22 i 24 hi hagu=C3=A9 un fort bombardeig d'artilleria = sobre Barcelona des de totes les posicions artilleres governamentals: Mo= ntju=C3=AFc, la Ciutadella, Fort Pius i Fort San Carlos. Es llan=C3=A7ar= en 1.351 projectils el primer dia, 644 el segon i 2.830 el tercer, provo= cant una matan=C3=A7a considerable, ja que entre els projectils s'hi con= taren uns 829 projectils buits (granades i bombes) nom=C3=A9s el dimarts= 24. Molts dels comer=C3=A7os estaven tancats pel que els transe=C3=BCnt= s no s'hi podien refugiar en sentir caure els projectils. Aquell dia la = Junta Suprema ordena que s'obrin a tota hora les portes dels comer=C3=A7= os.<sup id=3D"cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843_14-0" class=3D"= reference"><a href=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843-14">[= 14]</a></sup>Durant el m=C3=A9s d'octubre hi hagu=C3=A9 una trentena de = morts i mes d'un centenar de ferits, nom=C3=A9s entre els personal armat= de Barcelona.</p> <h2><span class=3D"mw-headline" id=3D"Rendici.C3.B3_de_Barcelona">Rendic= i=C3=B3 de Barcelona</span><span class=3D"mw-editsection"><span class=3D= "mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%= A0ncia&veaction=3Dedit&vesection=3D6" title=3D"Modifica la secci= =C3=B3: Rendici=C3=B3 de Barcelona" class=3D"mw-editsection-visualeditor= ">modifica</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-divider"> | </span><a href=3D= "/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&action=3Dedit&section=3D6" t= itle=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Rendici=C3=B3 de Barcelona">modifica el= codi</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> <p>A principis de novembre es calculava que la poblaci=C3=B3 de Barcelon= a era d'uns 50.000 habitants una quarta part de la seva poblaci=C3=B3 no= rmal. A m=C3=A9s els diversos hospitals presidis i cases de caritat hi h= avia pr=C3=A0cticament 3.600 persones, i cada dia 17.000 persones rebien= la sopa dels pobres.<sup id=3D"cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos18= 4386_15-0" class=3D"reference"><a href=3D"#cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_l= os_Sucesos184386-15">[15]</a></sup></p> <p>El vuit de novembre les Corts Espanyoles declaren major d'edat a la r= eina Isabel II per 193 vots a favor i 16 en contra.<sup id=3D"cite_ref-F= OOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184396_16-0" class=3D"reference"><a href=3D"= #cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184396-16">[16]</a></sup> El dia= 9 de novembre Montju=C3=AFc dispar=C3=A0 32 bales i 39 granades, la Ciu= tadella 50 bales i 24 granades i el fort de Don Carlos 11 bales i 8 gran= ades. Aquell dia a Girona es decid=C3=AD enviar comissionats Jos=C3=A9 S= oler y Matas i Jos=C3=A9 Oriol Ronquillo, que l'endem=C3=A0 es reuniren = amb Prim a Gr=C3=A0cia. Durant aquests dies es realitzen diverses reunio= ns per pactar les condicions de la rendici=C3=B3. Tot i les negociacions= Montju=C3=AFc llan=C3=A7a 15 granades i 10 bales contra Drassanes el di= a 15, i 6 bales i 8 granades el dia 16.</p> <p>El dia 17 la junta resolgu=C3=A9 enviar cinc comissionats a la Ciutad= ella a negociar la capitulaci=C3=B3 de la ciutat: aquests foren Caralt, = Prats, Parre=C3=B1o, Montoto i Balzo. Aquests l'endem=C3=A0 passaren a l= a Ciutadella al mat=C3=AD sortint-ne el a les tres de la tarda deixant a= cordada un conveni de pau. El dia 19 fart de reunions infructuoses amb e= ls sublevats el capit=C3=A0 general comunic=C3=A0 un ultim=C3=A0tum per = a les 12 de la nit d'aquell dia pel qual si no confirmaven el conveni no= acceptaria cap m=C3=A9s acord que la rendici=C3=B3 incondicional i i qu= e al mat=C3=AD reiniciaria els atacs a Barcelona. A les deu de la nit so= rtien els comissionats cap a la Ciutadella confirmant la capitulaci=C3=B3= . A les dotze del migdia entr=C3=A0 un regiment a la ciutat rellevant to= ts els punts de la pla=C3=A7a. A la una entr=C3=A0 el general amb uns 6.= 000 homes, que f=C3=A9u un discurs a la Rambla que exhort=C3=A0 a la uni= =C3=B3. Les p=C3=A8rdues per part dels pronunciats al novembre fou de 5 = morts i 20 ferits. El nombre total de projectils llan=C3=A7ats sobre Bar= celona fou de 12.000. Per ordre del capit=C3=A0 general es lliuraren <a = href=3D"/wiki/Passaport" title=3D"Passaport">passaports</a> cap a <a hre= f=3D"/wiki/Portvendres" title=3D"Portvendres">Portvendres</a> per als me= mbres de la Junta Suprema que s'embarquen a les onze de la nit del dia 2= 0 al vapor de guerra franc=C3=A8s <i>Papin</i>.</p> <h2><span class=3D"mw-headline" id=3D"Notes">Notes</span><span class=3D"= mw-editsection"><span class=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href=3D= "/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&veaction=3Dedit&vesection=3D= 7" title=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Notes" class=3D"mw-editsection-visu= aleditor">modifica</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-divider"> | </span><= a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&action=3Dedit&secti= on=3D7" title=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Notes">modifica el codi</a><sp= an class=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> <div class=3D"reflist references-column-count references-column-count-2"= style=3D"column-count: 2; -moz-column-count: 2; -webkit-column-count: 2= ; list-style-type:decimal;"> <ol class=3D"references"> <li id=3D"cite_note-1"><span class=3D"mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite= _ref-1">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text">Estanislau R= oca, <i><a rel=3D"nofollow" class=3D"external text" href=3D"http://books= .google.cat/books?id=3DmKoyM1mREuwC&pg=3DPA55&dq=3Dbombardeig+ba= rcelona+1843+prim&hl=3Dca&ei=3Dt_8eTZWLN8HNswaPtdzcDA&sa=3DX= &oi=3Dbook_result&ct=3Dresult&resnum=3D5&ved=3D0CDkQ6AEw= BA#v=3Donepage&q&f=3Dfalse">Montju=C3=AFc, la muntanya de la ciu= tat</a></i>, p.55</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-2"><span class=3D"mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite= _ref-2">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><span class=3D= "citation" style=3D"font-style:normal" id=3D"CITEREFBou_Ros2004"><span s= tyle=3D"font-variant: small-caps;">Bou Ros</span>, Jordi. =C2=AB<a rel=3D= "nofollow" class=3D"external text" href=3D"http://www.raco.cat/index.php= /BCNQuadernsHistoria/article/view/105575/176955">La Jam=C3=A0ncia: el na= ixament de l'=C3=BAltima bullanga popular (juny-agost de 1843)</a>=C2=BB= . <i>Barcelona Quaderns d'hist=C3=B2ria</i>. Jordi Bou Ros, N=C3=BAm.: 1= 0, 2004, p. 171-186 [Consulta: 25 de febrer de 2014].</span></span>= </li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184321-3"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 321_3-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D"= #CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.= 60;21.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTECuadro_historico1843-4"><span class=3D"mw-ci= te-backlink">=E2=86=91 <sup><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTECuadro_historic= o1843_4-0">4,0</a></sup> <sup><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTECuadro_histor= ico1843_4-1">4,1</a></sup> <sup><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTECuadro_hist= orico1843_4-2">4,2</a></sup></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a hr= ef=3D"#CITEREFCuadro_historico1843">Cuadro historico 1843</a>.</span></l= i> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184325-5"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 325_5-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D"= #CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.= 60;25.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184339-6"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 339_6-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D"= #CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.= 60;39.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184344-7"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 344_7-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D"= #CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.= 60;44.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184354-8"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 354_8-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D"= #CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.= 60;54.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184364-9"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 364_9-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D"= #CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.= 60;64.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184365-10"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 365_10-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D= "#CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.&#= 160;65.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184367-11"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 367_11-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D= "#CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.&#= 160;67.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184368-12"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 368_12-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D= "#CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.&#= 160;68.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184374-13"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 374_13-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D= "#CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.&#= 160;74.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843-14"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 3_14-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D"#= CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>.</span>= </li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184386-15"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 386_15-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D= "#CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.&#= 160;86.</span></li> <li id=3D"cite_note-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184396-16"><span class=3D= "mw-cite-backlink"><a href=3D"#cite_ref-FOOTNOTEDiario_de_los_Sucesos184= 396_16-0">=E2=86=91</a></span> <span class=3D"reference-text"><a href=3D= "#CITEREFDiario_de_los_Sucesos1843">Diario de los Sucesos 1843</a>, p.&#= 160;96.</span></li> </ol> </div> <h2><span class=3D"mw-headline" id=3D"Bibliografia">Bibliografia</span><= span class=3D"mw-editsection"><span class=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">[</= span><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&veaction=3Dedit&a= mp;vesection=3D8" title=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Bibliografia" class=3D= "mw-editsection-visualeditor">modifica</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-= divider"> | </span><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&act= ion=3Dedit&section=3D8" title=3D"Modifica la secci=C3=B3: Bibliograf= ia">modifica el codi</a><span class=3D"mw-editsection-bracket">]</span><= /span></h2> <ul> <li><span class=3D"citation book" style=3D"font-style:normal" id=3D"CITE= REF1843"><a rel=3D"nofollow" class=3D"external text" href=3D"http://book= s.google.es/books?id=3Dx3_6_eGZ2UAC&printsec=3Dfrontcover&hl=3Dc= a#v=3Donepage&q&f=3Dfalse"><i>Diario de los Sucesos de Barcelona= en Setiembre, Octubre y Noviembre de 1843</i></a> (en castell=C3=A0). = Imprenta y librer=C3=ADa de Pablo Riera, 1843 [Consulta: 23 de febrer de= 2014]. =C2=ABinclou una ap=C3=A8ndix amb reproducci=C3=B3 de documents = rellevants=C2=BB</span><span class=3D"Z3988" title=3D"ctx_ver=3DZ39.88-2= 004&rft_val_fmt=3Dinfo%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=3D= book&rft.btitle=3DDiario+de+los+Sucesos+de+Barcelona+en+Setiembre%2C= +Octubre+y+Noviembre+de+1843&rft.date=3D1843&rft.pub=3DImprenta+= y+librer%C3%ADa+de+Pablo+Riera&rft_id=3Dhttp%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.es= %2Fbooks%3Fid%3Dx3_6_eGZ2UAC%26printsec%3Dfrontcover%26hl%3Dca%23v%3Done= page%26q%26f%3Dfalse"><span style=3D"display: none;"> </span></span= ></li> <li><span class=3D"citation book" style=3D"font-style:normal" id=3D"CITE= REF1844">D.J. P. y G.. <a rel=3D"nofollow" class=3D"external text" href=3D= "http://books.google.es/books?id=3D_yxr-44GvKEC&printsec=3Dfrontcove= r&hl=3Dca#v=3Donepage&q&f=3Dfalse"><i>Cuadro historico y pin= toresco de los sucesos de Barcelona durante los meses de setiembre, octu= bre y noviembre de 1843</i></a> (en castell=C3=A0). Imprenta de J. Mayo= l, 1844 [Consulta: 23 de febrer de 2014].</span><span class=3D"Z3988" ti= tle=3D"ctx_ver=3DZ39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=3Dinfo%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3A= mtx%3Abook&rft.genre=3Dbook&rft.btitle=3DCuadro+historico+y+pint= oresco+de+los+sucesos+de+Barcelona+durante+los+meses+de+setiembre%2C+oct= ubre+y+noviembre+de+1843&rft.au=3DD.J.+P.+y+G.&rft.date=3D1844&a= mp;rft.pub=3DImprenta+de+J.+Mayol&rft_id=3Dhttp%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google= .es%2Fbooks%3Fid%3D_yxr-44GvKEC%26printsec%3Dfrontcover%26hl%3Dca%23v%3D= onepage%26q%26f%3Dfalse"><span style=3D"display: none;"> </span></s= pan></li> <li><span class=3D"citation book" style=3D"font-style:normal" id=3D"CITE= REFPusalgas_y_Guerris1843"><span style=3D"font-variant: small-caps;">Pus= algas y Guerris</span>, Ignacio. <a rel=3D"nofollow" class=3D"external t= ext" href=3D"http://books.google.es/books?id=3Dx3_6_eGZ2UAC&printsec= =3Dfrontcover&hl=3Dca#v=3Donepage&q&f=3Dfalse"><i>Acontecimi= entos pol=C3=ADticos e hist=C3=B3ricos de Barcelona, desde el 2 setiembr= e de 1843 hasta la entrada de las tropas nacionales, con las medidas opo= rtunas que tom=C3=B3 el gobierno militar y municipal despu=C3=A9s de hab= er entrado en el goce de sus derechos</i></a> (en castell=C3=A0). Ramon= M. Indar, 1843 [Consulta: 23 de febrer de 2014].</span><span class=3D"Z= 3988" title=3D"ctx_ver=3DZ39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=3Dinfo%3Aofi%2Ffmt%= 3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=3Dbook&rft.btitle=3DAcontecimientos= +pol%C3%ADticos+e+hist%C3%B3ricos+de+Barcelona%2C+desde+el+2+setiembre+d= e+1843+hasta+la+entrada+de+las+tropas+nacionales%2C+con+las+medidas+opor= tunas+que+tom%C3%B3+el+gobierno+militar+y+municipal+despu%C3%A9s+de+habe= r+entrado+en+el+goce+de+sus+derechos&rft.aulast=3DPusalgas+y+Guerris= &rft.aufirst=3DIgnacio&rft.date=3D1843&rft.pub=3DRamon+M.+In= dar&rft_id=3Dhttp%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.es%2Fbooks%3Fid%3Dx3_6_eGZ2UA= C%26printsec%3Dfrontcover%26hl%3Dca%23v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dfalse"><span= style=3D"display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li><span class=3D"citation book" style=3D"font-style:normal" id=3D"CITE= REF1844"><a rel=3D"nofollow" class=3D"external text" href=3D"http://book= s.google.es/books?id=3D2L6UCNGzWAAC&printsec=3Dfrontcover&hl=3Dc= a#v=3Donepage&q&f=3Dfalse"><i>Revolucion de Barcelona proclamand= o la Junta Central: diario de los acontecimientos de que ha sido teatro = esta ciudad, durante los meses de setiembre, octubre y noviembre de 1843= </i></a> (en castell=C3=A0). Ramon M. Indar, 1844 [Consulta: 23 de febr= er de 2014].</span><span class=3D"Z3988" title=3D"ctx_ver=3DZ39.88-2004&= amp;rft_val_fmt=3Dinfo%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=3Dbo= ok&rft.btitle=3DRevolucion+de+Barcelona+proclamando+la+Junta+Central= %3A+diario+de+los+acontecimientos+de+que+ha+sido+teatro+esta+ciudad%2C+d= urante+los+meses+de+setiembre%2C+octubre+y+noviembre+de+1843&rft.dat= e=3D1844&rft.pub=3DRamon+M.+Indar&rft_id=3Dhttp%3A%2F%2Fbooks.go= ogle.es%2Fbooks%3Fid%3D2L6UCNGzWAAC%26printsec%3Dfrontcover%26hl%3Dca%23= v%3Donepage%26q%26f%3Dfalse"><span style=3D"display: none;"> </span= ></span></li> </ul> <!-- = NewPP limit report Parsed by mw1042 CPU time usage: 0.776 seconds Real time usage: 0.819 seconds Preprocessor visited node count: 2056/1000000 Preprocessor generated node count: 12240/1500000 Post=E2=80=90expand include size: 15839/2048000 bytes Template argument size: 6019/2048000 bytes Highest expansion depth: 10/40 Expensive parser function count: 0/500 Lua time usage: 0.108/10.000 seconds Lua memory usage: 940 KB/50 MB --> <!-- Saved in parser cache with key cawiki:pcache:idhash:180552-0!*!0!!c= a!*!* and timestamp 20141015185009 and revision id 14046551 --> <noscript><img src=3D"//ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:CentralAutoLogin/s= tart?type=3D1x1" alt=3D"" title=3D"" width=3D"1" height=3D"1" style=3D"b= order: none; position: absolute;" /></noscript></div> <div class= =3D"printfooter"> Obtingut de =C2=AB<a dir=3D"ltr" href=3D"http://ca.wikipedia.org/w= /index.php?title=3DJam=C3=A0ncia&oldid=3D14046551">http://ca.wikiped= ia.org/w/index.php?title=3DJam=C3=A0ncia&oldid=3D14046551</a>=C2=BB = </div> <div id=3D'catlinks' class=3D'catlinks'><div id=3D"mw-norma= l-catlinks" class=3D"mw-normal-catlinks"><a href=3D"/wiki/Especial:Categ= ories" title=3D"Especial:Categories">Categories</a>: <ul><li><a href=3D"= /wiki/Categoria:Revoltes_del_segle_XIX_a_Catalunya" title=3D"Categoria:R= evoltes del segle XIX a Catalunya">Revoltes del segle XIX a Catalunya</a= ></li><li><a href=3D"/wiki/Categoria:D%C3%A8cada_del_1840" title=3D"Cate= goria:D=C3=A8cada del 1840">D=C3=A8cada del 1840</a></li></ul></div></di= v> <div class=3D"visualClear"></div> </div> </div> <div id=3D"mw-navigation"> <h2>Men=C3=BA de navegaci=C3=B3</h2> <div id=3D"mw-head"> <div id=3D"p-personal" role=3D"navigation" class=3D"" aria-labe= lledby=3D"p-personal-label"> <h3 id=3D"p-personal-label">Eines personals</h3> <ul> <li id=3D"pt-createaccount"><a href=3D"/w/index.php?title=3DEspec= ial:Registre_i_entrada&returnto=3DJam%C3%A0ncia&type=3Dsignup" t= itle=3D"You are encouraged to create an account and log in; however, it = is not mandatory">Crea un compte</a></li><li id=3D"pt-login"><a href=3D"= /w/index.php?title=3DEspecial:Registre_i_entrada&returnto=3DJam%C3%A= 0ncia" title=3D"Us animem a registrar-vos, per=C3=B2 no =C3=A9s obligato= ri [o]" accesskey=3D"o">Inicia la sessi=C3=B3</a></li> </ul> </div> <div id=3D"left-navigation"> <div id=3D"p-namespaces" role=3D"navigation" class=3D"vectorTa= bs" aria-labelledby=3D"p-namespaces-label"> <h3 id=3D"p-namespaces-label">Espais de noms</h3> <ul> <li id=3D"ca-nstab-main" class=3D"selected"><span><a hre= f=3D"/wiki/Jam%C3%A0ncia" title=3D"Vegeu el contingut de la p=C3=A0gina= . 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'click' : 'hover' ](function( e ){ var _this = this; if( isTouchscreen ) { e.preventDefault(); (tooltipNode && tooltipNode.parentNode == document.body) || setTimeout( function(){ $( document.body ).on("click touchstart", function( e ) { e = e || event; e = e.target || e.srcElement; for( ; e && !$( e ).hasClass( "referencetooltip" ) ; ) e = e.parentNode; if( !e ){ clearTimeout( showTimer ); hide( _this ); $(document.body).off("click touchstart", arguments.callee) } }) }, 0); } showTimer && clearTimeout( showTimer ); showTimer = setTimeout( function() { var h = findRef( _this ); if( !h ){return}; if( !isTouchscreen && ( window.pageYOffset || document.documentElement.scrollTop || document.body.scrollTop || 0 ) + $(window).height() > $( h ).offset().top + h.offsetHeight ) { h.style.border = "#080086 2px solid"; return; } if(!tooltipNode){ tooltipNode = document.createElement("ul"); tooltipNode.className = "referencetooltip"; var c = tooltipNode.appendChild( h.cloneNode( true ) ); try { if( c.firstChild.nodeName != "A" ) { while( c.childNodes[1].nodeName == "A" && c.childNodes[1].getAttribute( "href" ).indexOf("#cite_ref-") !== -1 ) { do { c.removeChild( c.childNodes[1] ) } while ( c.childNodes[1].nodeValue == " " ); } } } catch (e) { mw.log(e) } c.removeChild( c.firstChild ); $( tooltipNode.firstChild.insertBefore( document.createElement( "span" ), tooltipNode.firstChild.firstChild ) ).addClass("RTsettings").attr("title", "Configuració").click(function(){ mw.loader.using(["jquery.cookie","jquery.ui.dialog"], openSettingsMenu); }) tooltipNode.appendChild( document.createElement( "li" ) ); isTouchscreen || $(tooltipNode).hover(show, hide); } show(); var o = $(_this).offset(), oH = tooltipNode.offsetHeight; $(tooltipNode).css({top: o.top - oH, left: o.left - 7 }); if( tooltipNode.offsetHeight > oH ) { // is it squished against the right side of the page? $(tooltipNode).css({left:'auto',right:0}); tooltipNode.lastChild.style.marginLeft = (o.left - tooltipNode.offsetLeft) + "px"; } if( checkFlip ) { if( o.top < tooltipNode.offsetHeight + ( window.pageYOffset || document.documentElement.scrollTop || document.body.scrollTop || 0 ) ) { // is part of it above the top of the screen? $(tooltipNode).addClass("RTflipped").css({top: o.top + 12}); } else if( tooltipNode.className === "referencetooltip RTflipped" ) { // cancel previous $(tooltipNode).removeClass("RTflipped"); } checkFlip = false; } }, timerLength); }, isTouchscreen ? undefined : function(){clearTimeout(showTimer); hide(this); } ) } ); } } ); ------------qxskfeFPJkPxsFO3EQWGio Content-Disposition: inline; filename=index.js Content-Type: text/javascript; charset=UTF-8; name=index.js Content-Location: http://ca.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=MediaWiki:Gadget-purgetab.js&action=raw&ctype=text/javascript&11729394 Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit /** * Action link: Purge (Action menu) * * @source: www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Snippets/Purge_action * @rev: 6 * Modificat per afegir traduccions */ $(document).ready( function () { if ( !$( '#ca-purge' ).length && mw.config.get( 'wgIsArticle' ) ) { var conf = { ca: { portletLabel: 'Refresca', portletTooltip: 'Refresca la memòria cau d’aquesta pàgina' }, en: { portletLabel: 'Purge', portletTooltip: 'Purge the server cache of this page' }, es: { portletLabel: 'Purgar', portletTooltip: 'Purgar la caché de la página' }, fr: { portletLabel: 'Purger', portletTooltip: 'Purger le cache de la page' }, gl: { portletLabel: 'Purgar', portletTooltip: 'Purgar a caché da páxina' }, nl: { portletLabel: 'Verversen', portletTooltip: 'De server cache van deze pagina verversen' }, no: { portletLabel: 'Slett cache', portletTooltip: 'Slett serverens cache for denne siden' }, oc: { portletLabel: 'Purgar', portletTooltip: 'Purgar l’amagatal de la pagina' }, pl: { portletLabel: 'Odśwież', portletTooltip: 'Wyczyść pamięć podręczną dla tej strony' }, pt: { portletLabel: 'Purgar', portletTooltip: 'Purgar o cache desta página no servidor' }, uk: { portletLabel: 'Очистити кеш', portletTooltip: 'Очистити серверний кеш для цієї сторінки' } }; var lang = mw.user.options.get( 'language' ); if( !conf[ lang ] ) { lang = 'en'; }; mw.util.addPortletLink( 'p-cactions', mw.util.wikiScript() + '?' + $.param({ title: mw.config.get( 'wgPageName' ), action: 'purge' }), mw.config.get( 'skin' ) === 'vector' ? 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